Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri)

They live on sea ice packs in large groups and breed on the sea ice. Breeding also occurs on the antarctic coast. They live in extremely cold regions diving into the water for food. They are found the farthest north regions inhabited by any animal.

Penguins have solid bones unlike many of their bird relatives so that they are able to reach depths of the ocean without floating up. They are covered in feathers for insulation against the cold winds and so that water does not reach the skin. It is unknown how they are able to dive to depths as far as 1755 feet deep and not get 'the bends'. Their wings have a more flipper like flex and are used to help propel them through the water.

Penguins are monogamous and lay an egg without a nest. Instead, the fathers help keep the egg warm while the mother leaves to find food. Emperor penguins will lay one large egg. The egg will hatch after 150 days of incubation where the mother will return and regurgitate the food she has eaten to feed her young. The chick will stay with its parents until it losses most of its white plumage. The chicks will then dive into the water without any teaching on how to swim or hunt from their parents and teach themselves.

Penguins eat squid and fish that can be found under the ice floats that they live on. They have been known to dive for over 18 minutes in pursuit of fish. Penguins are eaten by killer whales and seals, both found in the water. Chicks are also at risk of predation from sea birds when they are smaller.

Body Length 1.00 - 1.30 metres
Tail Length N/A
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 25.00 years
Weight 19.96 - 39.92 kilograms