Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)

There are over 32 different species of seahorse, the most common being the Lined Seahorse. The Lined Seahorse is found off the coast of Nova Scotia down to the coast of Uruguay. They live in areas where there is high amounts of vegetation to hold onto and hide in. they can be found in kelp forests and coral reefs camouflaged with there surroundings. They are more commonly seen in shallower waters however are known to go as deep as 240 feet.

The seahorse is equipped with many different features that enable it to survive in the wild. Each eye is able to move separately from the other allowing the seahorse to see in all directions. As well each eye is on either side of the seahorses head which allows it to have a wider view of its surroundings in order to look out for predators and prey. The seahorse also has a long tail that allows it to latch on to seaweed in order to blend in with it's surroundings and wait for prey to pass by. The seahorse has a long snout which enables it to pipette its food as it passes by, this means that the seahorse does not have to chase its prey. The seahorse has a bony body which makes it difficult to eat and therefore lessens the amount of fish that feed on it. Lastly the seahorse is able to change its colour in order to match that of its surroundings in order to hide from prey. It has 16 to 20 rays on its body.

A seahorse is able to reproduce at the age of three months. A female can lay around 250 to 400 eggs in one birth, however incubation occurs in a specialized pouch on the male. The female will lay her eggs into this pouch where they will stay for about 12 to 14 days. At this point the seahorses will be released into the ocean to raise themselves without the aid of their parents.

The seahorse feeds through a pipette mechanism, which means it uses its snout to catch prey that passes by. A seahorse will eat crustaceans, copepods, and algae, all food that is small enough for them to eat. A seahorse is prey to predators such as crabs, dogfish and spiny fish. The seahorse has fewer predators because of its hard shell and therefore the only fish that feed on it are those capable of digesting the many rays of the fish. A large predator of the seahorse is humans. Humans use seahorses as souvenirs, pets and even medicines. This all contributes to the decline of the seahorse as well as habitat destruction caused by pollution and boating.

Body Length 0.20 metres
Tail Length N/A
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 0.00 years
Weight N/A