Spectacled Bear (Tremarctus ornatus)

The spectacled bear can only be found in the regions of South America. It can be found in the rain forest areas where it is humid and temperatures are very high, it can also be found in the mountainous regions where it is cooler and very dry. The spectacled bear will spend most of its time close to water and have a den to sleep in. It will also construct platforms made of branches and trees to sleep on. The spectacled bear is active at dawn and dusk and even during the night.

The spectacled bear is an omnivore. This means that it can eat both meat and vegetation. This allows the bear a larger food range as it can eat opportunistically. The spectacled bear also has large claws which allow it to climb trees either to avoid danger or to find food. The bear has a good sense of smell which allows it to find food more easily.

Mating season only lasts 1 to 2 weeks for the bear. Spectacled bears are monogamous meaning they only have one mate. A bear will reach sexual maturity when it is 4 to 7 years of age. After a three month gestation period the cubs will be born. A female bear can have anywhere from 1 to 5 cubs however 2 is the most common number. It will take 2 to 5 months to wean the cubs, at this point they will start to learn how to hunt and their mother will teach them the skills that they need to survive on their own. The cubs will stay with their mother for 2 to 4 years where they will learn how to hunt, how to fight and how to swim among other crucial survival skills. A female cub will often stay longer than a male.

The spectacled bear feeds on different plants and fruits that can be found in South America as well as small prey such as small birds, reptiles and mammals that are found in similar regions. Deer, tapirs, and coatis are all examples of animals that a bear will eat. Because of this the bear must compete with predators such as ocelots and jaguars. It may even become prey at times to larger predators such as jaguars and cougars. Bears also face a large problem with human hunting and habitat destruction. Due to the loss of space bears find themselves competing with larger predators more and more. By adopting a spectacled bear you can help provide all of the necessary treatments to make care and rehabilitation possible.

Body Length 1.52 - 1.83 metres
Tail Length N/A
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 8.00 - 12.00 years
Weight 99.79 - 154.22 kilograms