Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)

the Nile crocodile can be found in any wetland areas such as ponds and lakes as well as rivers such as the Nile. They live in the south Saharan regions of Africa where it is a tropical climate. Crocodiles can be seen sunning themselves in large groups or staying perfectly still in water.

The crocodiles has a clear eyelid that allows it to see underwater. This eyelid protect the eye when it is submerged and allows the crocodile to continue to see. Crocodiles have large and powerful tails that help propel them through the water. As well the fat found in the tail aids them when food is low.

The mating season for a Nile crocodile is anywhere from August to January. A female crocodile will lay anywhere from 50 to 80 eggs in a nest. She will construct a mound of dirt to lay the eggs in and protect them from potential predators. Depending on the temperature of the incubation the eggs will either be male or female. In the warmer temperatures the eggs will hatch male, where as if they are cooler than they are female. The incubation period is 80 to 90 days. When the eggs hatch the young will make a series of grunts that will alert the parents to dig them out of the mound. The mother will then carry the young in the water in her mouth. She will stay with them to help them learn how to survive otherwise fish and birds would eat all of the young. This is odd behavior for reptiles, who usually leave the young to learn how to survive on their own.

Fish are the main food source for the crocodile as well as birds and small reptiles. They will also eat insects and even try to eat prey as large as deer and antelope. Young crocodiles are at risk of predators such as fish, birds and mammals and eggs are at risk of being eaten by other reptiles and even hyenas. Humans pose a threat through hunting crocodiles for food and for their skins and teeth.

Body Length 3.51 metres
Tail Length 2.44 metres
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 20.00 - 25.00 years
Weight 225.00 kilograms