Elephant (Loxodonta africana)

Elephants are found in the Savannah and woodlands. In the more forested areas they can find shelter and food however they spend more time in more open areas. Elephants also can be seen around watering holes, rolling in the muck, this gives them there brown colour.

Elephants have many adaptations to deal with the heat. Their large ears allow them to cool off, by their enormous size and by fanning. Their long trunk can be used to turn over logs, grab trees and leaves and as a greeting tool to one another. Elephants have developed large tusks that help rolling over logs as well as a defense mechanism against predators. Their small amount of hair allows them to cool off in the extreme heat. They also have air pockets in their skull so that their head does not weigh an enormous amount.

A female will give birth to only one calf after 22 months of being pregnant. the calf will fall headfirst when being born. The calf will have no control of its trunk at this time. a calf will stay close to its mother once it can walk and will not reach maturity until it is 10 to 11 years of age.

Elephants eat different vegetation such as grass, fruit from trees, and foliage. Young elephants are in danger of attack from predators such as lions however elephants largest predator is humans. The African elephant is hunted for its ivory that is then illegally traded. Also human encroachment and destruction of their land serves as a large problem to elephants.

Body Length 6.00 - 7.50 metres
Tail Length 1.00 - 1.50 metres
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 55.00 - 70.00 years
Weight 2.00 - 5.00 kilograms