Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalic)

The giraffe is found in the south Saharan regions of Africa. They live in largely open areas where it is easier to see predators approaching. They are found in dry grasslands that contain some trees and they are known to travel great distances.

The giraffe is famous for its extremely long neck that allows it to reach foliage higher than other ungulates. This eliminates a lot of competition for the giraffe when looking for a food source. The giraffe has unusually elastic blood vessels and valves that offset any buildup of blood when their head is raised. This ensures that the giraffe does not black out when it turns its head. The arteries that are found near fat tissue however are thick walled and less elastic in order to prevent edema and to decrease the downward blood pressure. This ensures that blood is able to reach up their long necks. Some interesting facts about the giraffe is that it's heart is 2 feet long and 25 pounds. This is necessary to pump the blood all the way through it's body. The giraffe's heart beats 170 times a minute and it must breathe 20 times a minute

A giraffe reaches sexual maturity at 4 to 5 years of age. They are very social creatures and can be found in herds of about 20 individuals that vary from sexes to ages of giraffe. They give birth to one calf however when they give birth the mother is standing up! This means that the baby falls about 6 feet. When the calf is born it is about 6 feet tall and weighs 110 to 120 lbs. It can begin walking the same day that it is born if necessary. The gestation period for the mother is 15 months.

A giraffe is known to eat about 100 different species of tree found in Africa. They are able to consume up to 145 1b of food a day although they only need to drink every 2 to 3 days. Giraffes are prey to any large predators found in the Sahara such as lions, hyenas and leopards. Lions have been known to take down a full grown giraffe although usually it is just the old and the sick that are chosen by the predators to be eaten.

Body Length 3.96 - 5.49 metres
Tail Length 0.00 - 0.00 metres
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 20.00 - 26.00 years
Weight 544.31 - 1.00 kilograms