Jaguar (Panthera onca)

The South American jaguar can be found from the south western areas of the United States to the end of the Patagonian Mountain Range located in Chile. They are found in dense jungle regions, where they can climb trees and blend in with their surroundings. Jaguars are known as strong swimmers and are usually located close to bodies of water such as rivers, lakes or ponds.

Jaguars are adapted to their surroundings with their spotted coats that allow them to camouflage with their surroundings making it easier to stalk prey. They have long tails in order to provide balance for when they are high in the trees where they sleep and take their kill. They have large paws that enable them to swim. Jaguars are one of the only felines that love to swim in water where they will hunt for food and cool down. They also have developed strong jaws to crack through the shells of tortoises and are the only cat to crack the skulls of their prey when hunting.

A female jaguar will find a hidden cave to give birth to her young, she will be able to have cubs at the age of two or three. a male jaguar will reach sexual maturity at the age of 3 or 4 years. After about 95 to 110 days of gestation 1 to 4 cubs will be born. When they are born they will stay with their mother for 18 to 24 months when she will teach them how to hunt for food, climb trees and swim before they go out on their own to survive in their own territories.

The jaguar feeds on small mammals such as deer, tapirs, and peccaries, (a wild boar found in the amazon rain forest.) They also prey on small birds and reptiles and can even crack the shells of turtles. This means that a jaguar is a carnivore because it only eats meat. Jaguars face large competition with the spectacle bear and cougar, two large predators that feed on the same diet. The largest threat to the jaguar are humans hunting them for their spotted fur coats and destroying the habitats they live in through deforestation and development. Deforestation occurs for the use of the trees as well as to accommodate the growing populations, this destroys the trees jaguars sleep, play and feed in as well as the homes of their prey. You can help jaguars by adopting one in order to provide medical care and veterinary attention to jaguars that have been injured by human interference.

Body Length 1.12 - 1.85 metres
Tail Length 0.46 - 0.76 metres
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 12.00 - 15.00 years
Weight 6.70 - 113.40 kilograms