Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica )

The Siberian tiger is found in mixed forests located in the Southeastern Siberia and Manchuria regions. They live near reeds and bushes in river valleys in more mountainous regions. In the summer months they can be found at altitudes of up to 1200 meters although in winter they move to lower altitudes.

In the northern regions Siberian tigers have become active during the day. Their stripes allow them to camouflage in their habitat and is best suited to their environment. An example of this is in the grasslands, the black lines break up their body making them appear part of the foliage. Siberian tigers are good swimmers and therefor live near bodies of water. They swim for fun and to cool down on hot days. Their extreme flexibility allows them to become dangerous hunters. The Siberian tiger has good eyesight and hearing because of its cupped ears that focus sounds. a tiger has whiskers so that it feel around when going between branches and trees. Siberian tigers have long sharp retractable claws for catching and holding prey. The claws also have a protective sheath that allows them to walk on rocks without being worn down.

The Siberian tiger reproduces every two to three years and reaches sexual maturity after about four years. After mating, a tiger couple will remain together for five to six days. 2 to 4 kittens are born after a gestation period of around three months. When a female tiger is going to have kittens she prepares a den or cave to protect her young. Newborns weigh 780 - 1600 g. After five to six months the cubs will not need to feed from their mother. At this time they will go with her on hunting trips in order to learn how to hunt properly. They will stay with their mother until they are three to five years old however they will be able to hunt on their own after only one year.

Because of the cold climate a tiger must eat around 20 lbs of meat a day. A tiger can eat up to 100 lbs in one meal, this is because only one of every ten hunts will prove successful. Tigers feed on large mammals and ungulates such as deer, and caribou. They will also feed on small animals such as birds and reptiles if necessary. They will also eat fish and in the summer months they will eat berries and grass. Tigers do not have large competition with other predators, nor are they prey to any other animals however humans pose a large threat. Habitat destruction and poaching are two of the main reasons as tiger parts are used in medicines and as good luck charms.

Body Length 1.90 - 2.20 metres
Tail Length 0.33 - 0.61 metres
Wingspan N/A
Life Span 12.00 - 19.00 years
Weight 102.97 - 123.38 kilograms